In 2009, I purchased a set book to create a full leather fine art binding for the International Designer Bookbinder’s Competition. To think through the concept for this binding cover, I used Photoshop to sketch possible ideas. I finally settled on the starfish version for the final book creation. Taking stock of the leather material I had on hand, I decided to purchase shagreen (stingray) for the starfish body. The texture of the shagreen provided a great contrast against the regular goat leather.